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I feel like every caravan post I write should come with a precursor: we are novices and were literally learning as we go.
Before we packed up our house/life and embarked on this journey, I had a very vague idea of what would be most useful on the road. But I suppose I never really considered that this is our new normal; its not a small holiday stint for holiday habits. Instead, weve taken 10 weeks to slowly but surely create an on-the-road-rhythm that I tweak when necessary.
Our everyday essentials are quality products that are, above anything else, practical. The kids are literally spending the whole day outside and they are rough and tough on their clothes and shoes, hats and drink bottles. As for everything else; theyre the little things that make each day safer and easier which ultimately makes van life more comfortable and enjoyable.
If youre considering travelling with kids, dont feel like you need to rush out and buy new things. Sure, theres a product for every single travelling purpose but that doesnt mean you need to buy them all. Use what youve got, buy pre-loved and, if you need to buy new, choose quality so it lasts. Heres my top 10 essentials:
Here are the answers with discussion for this Weekends
Quiz. The information provided should help you work out
why you missed a question or three! If you havent already done the
Quiz from yesterday then have a go at it before you read the
answers. I hope this helps you develop an understanding of modern
monetary theory (MMT) and its application to macroeconomic
thinking. Comments as usual welcome, especially if I have made an
Assume that inflation is stable, there is excess productive capacity, and the central bank maintains its current monetary policy setting. In this situation, if government spending increases by $X dollars and private investment and exports are unchanged nominal income will continue growing until the sum of taxation revenue, import spending and household saving rises by more than $X dollars because of the multiplier.
The answer is False.
This question relates to the concept of a spending multiplier and the relationship between spending injections and spending leakages.
We have made the question easy by assuming that only government spending changes (exogenously) in period one and then remains unchanged after that.
Aggregate demand drives output which then generates incomes (via payments to the productive inputs). Accordingly, what is spent will generate income in that period which is available for use. The uses are further consumption; paying taxes and/or buying imports.
We consider imports as a separate category (even though they reflect consumption, investment and government spending decisions) because they constitute spending which does not recycle back into the production process. They are thus considered to be leakages from the expenditure system.
So if for every dollar produced and paid out as income, if the economy imports around 20 cents in the dollar, then only 80 cents is available within the system for spending in subsequent periods excluding taxation considerations.
However there are two other leakages which arise from domestic sources saving and taxation. Take taxation first. When income is produced, the households end up with less than they are paid out in gross terms because the government levies a tax. So the income concept available for subsequent spending is called disposable income (Yd).
To keep it simple, imagine a proportional tax of 20 cents in the dollar is levied, so if $100 of income is generated, $20 goes to taxation and Yd is $80 (what is left). So taxation (T) is a leakage from the expenditure system in the same way as imports are.
Finally consider saving. Consumers make decisions to...
[Video inside] An internationally acclaimed film of Paga Hill communitys fight for justice from the illegal eviction and demolition of their homes in downtown Port Moresby has been banned from screening today at the PNG Human Rights Festival. It is known as 'The Opposition Film'. See trailer and details of showings here. There is a lot of Australian involvement in this disgraceful powerplay, including NSW court system and Australian developers. However, what is happening in PNG is also happening to Australians, who mostly fail to realise that they are also being treated and exploited like a 'developing country'.
The ban highlights the lingering limits on free speech in our country and the continued attempts to censor our story of resistance against gross human rights violations , claimed Paga Hill leader Joe Moses, the main character in The Opposition film who had to seek exile in the United Kingdom after fighting for his communitys rights.,
This censorship comes as a deep disappointment for my community who have suffered greatly over the past 6 years.
The Opposition film tells the David-and-Goliath battles of a community evicted, displaced, abandoned their homes completely demolished at the hands of two Australian-run companies, Curtain Brothers and Paga Hill Development Company, and the PNG state. What was once home to 3000 people of up to four generations, Paga Hill is now part of the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) summit AELM Precinct which will take place this November.,
Mr. Moses continued, We appreciate the PNG Human Rights Film Festival for choosing to screen The Opposition film at their Madang and Port Moresby screenings.
It is shameful that our government continues to limit free speech and put such pressure on our countrys only annual arts and human rights event. How does this make us look to the world leaders who will be coming here for the APEC meeting in November?
Under the theme Tokautnau long senisim tumora" (Speak up today to change tomorrow) the mission of the PNG Human Rights Film Festival includes We are all born free and equal in dignity and rights and that the international and local human rights films promote increased respec...
Liam McLoughlin reports from East Sydney Private Hospital, where Alex Turnbull is reported to be suffering one of the worst recorded cases of cognitive dissonance in medical history.
There are serious concerns for the mental health of Alex Turnbull this morning after finding out that the man who said if anyone had a vested interest in showing you that you could do really smart, clean things with coal, its us is his father.
Alex opened an email from a concerned citizen at 6:30am this morning to find this list of heinous environmental actions carried out by the former Prime Minister.
Australia is considering banning new migrants from living in its largest cities, under new plans to reduce congestion in urban areas. Government data reveals that nearly 70% of the 186,000 migrants who moved to Australia last year arrived on skilled migrant visas and nearly all of them settled in Sydney or Melbourne.
And then I recalled all the gossip about all the prime ministers since Ive been a journalistPaul Keating he and Annita would divorce because he was secretly gay.
Sydney Morning Herald article below
In 1993 I received my Australian citizenship from then Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating at the Sydney Town Hall in front of thousands of people at a special commemoration citizenship ceremony.
I was chosen because I was a New Zealand emigrant businessman whod done well in Australia. I was the only Anglo-Saxon and the other candidates for citizenship came from all over the world. The Australian government was illustrating the multiculturalism of Australia.
Paul Keating arrived with a large entourage and fanfare. Assistants and media, the whole shebang. He was quite something in those days and knew how to play the game, maintain the invincibility and aura.
Paul Keating made a total mess of the Australian economy.
When Paul Keating was Australian Federal Treasurer in the late 1980s, under his economic governance, and as a direct result of him dismantling Australian tariffs on imports carte blanche, the Australian economy went into a major recession. It was all Pauls fault and yet to this day Paul sees himself as an economic hero.
Paul Keatings gayness
I really dont give a toss about whether Paul Keating is gay or not.
Paul lives with his boyfriend in Potts Point so he must be gay....
Heres my attempt to explain the preferencing imbroglio in Wentworth and how to vote strategically to defeat the Lib. Preferences are causing trouble in Wentworth, and if were not careful the left will elect the Liberal a terrible blow for climate change, Nauru refugees, gay rights and lots more. Heres how they work. Say 
Margo Kingston is an Australian journalist, author, and commentator. She is best known for her work at The Sydney Morning Herald and her weblog, Webdiary. Since 2012, Kingston has been a citizen journalist, reporting and commenting on Australian politics via Twitter and No Fibs.
We take off our hat to relucant radicals world wide. There are so many people we have had the pleasure of working with, who, prior to doing what they do. had never quite thought they would be that person leading a march, occupying an MPs office, travelling 100s of kilometres to stand in front of a coal mine.
But they do. And we get to work with them. And its a pleasure and an honour. Were speaking at an event this evening the Australian premiere of the Reluctant Radical, hosted by the wonderful Environmental Film Festival a story about an average guy taking extraordinary action to get in the way of climate change and the fossil fuel industry.
It follows Ken Wards challenges and the emotional resilience required to stand in the way of such a massive industry. And the costs. For many they are large people who one day were living a peaceful life in Broome, and then thrown head first into a campaign that subsumed years of their lives and eventually stopped a massive gas refinery. Or farmers living in NSW or VIC who had never had a parking ticket before, yet find themselves pole vaulting out of their comfort zone, to lock themselves to gates to protect water and fertile land for food.
Yet as we see the IPCC report released this week that calls for an end to coal worldwide by 2050 if we are to even have a hope of staying under 1.5 degrees warming and therefore allow our Pacific neighbours to not lose their homelands, how is it that people like Ken Ward, or these farmers, or the folk who locked to Adanis coal port, are considered to be the unreasonable ones?
They are taking action commensurate with the emergency and risk. Action that matches the urgency. We believe this is necessary and its why we do what we do support communities to take safe and effective and *strategic* action to defend the environment.
But, as mentioned the film talks about the costs, and the grief that comes with climate change that so many people are experiencing now. Whilst we find that action is the antidote to despair we also need to acknowledge and live through that despair, to find hope, or at least a sense of purpose within it all.
We are speaking on a panel with Audrey, a dynamo grandma from Stop Adani Melbourne who locked herself to a fence. You can read more about this chill activist grandma and we encourage you to get involved with Stop Adani, Tipping Point or ...
Today the Sydney Morning Herald released the 20 recommendations from the Religious Freedom Review headed by Phillip Ruddock, leaving LGBTI advocates and human rights experts concerned about future discrimination for LGBTI people.
Anna Brown, director of legal advocacy with the Human Rights Law Centre and co-chair of the Equality Campaign, said:
Australians voted for fairness and equality this time last year, not more discrimination against LGBT people. Kids in schools should be worrying about classes and their homework, not living in fear of mistreatment because of who they are.
The report recommends continuing to allow religious schools to discriminate against students based on sexual orientation, gender or relationship status under the federal Sex Discrimination Act.
Australians want kids in schools to be protected. The debate this week shows that our views have changed since these religious exemptions were enshrined in law. The idea that taxpayer funded religious schools should be able to expel a student who comes out is completely out of step with modern community expectations. Its discriminatory and its just wrong, said Ms Brown.
However, the report does recommend narrowing this exemption for religious schools under federal law, by requiring schools to prove the discrimination is founded on religious precepts, ensuring any discriminatory policy is made publicly available and the schools must take into account the best interests of the child as the primary consideration.
While we believe these religious exemptions should be removed, its positive to see the report recommending the publishing of policies in schools to actually explain why discrimination is required. If we are to face discrimination, at the very least we should be able to make an informed choice about whether to send our child to a particular school, apply for a job or access basic social services provided by faith based organisations, said Ms Brown.
The report also recommends a religious discrimination act to protect people of faith from discrimination. Currently, people of faith are protected from discrimination in employment under the Fair Work Act and most states and territories, but arent covered by federal anti-discrimination laws. However, the LGBTI community remains deeply concerned about the risks of any future legislation.
The very genesis of this inquiry was the deeply flawed idea that equality for LGBTIQ people somehow poses a threat to religious freedom. We reject this utterly, and remain concerned that conservative religious forces within the Coalition will be extracting their price for marriage equality. There should be no price paid for equality, said Ms Brown.
"We need strong discrimination laws to ensure equal treatment. People of fai...
A second person has come forward with details of another defamation threat levelled by Greens NSW MP Jeremy Buckingham against current and former party members, in a growing battle that threatens to derail the Greens campaigning in the lead-up to the 2019 state election.
Yesterday, New Matilda reported Mr Buckingham is suing Greens candidate for the seat of Summer Hill, Tom Raue for defamation and demanding $75,000 after he commented about public accusations that Mr Buckingham sexually assaulted a former Greens staffer, Ella Buckland.
Late yesterday, a second person former Greens member and freelance journalist Albert Santos came forward, posting on his social media that Mr Buckingham is also suing him over the same matter, and seeking $45,000.
New Matilda understands at least another two former or current party members are being sued by Mr Buckingham, in addition to legal threats issued against two media outlets.Former NSW Greens staffer, Ella Buckland, who alleges she was sexually assault by Greens MP Jeremy Buckingham in 2011. (IMAGE: Supplied)
Allegations against Mr Buckingham a member of the Legislative Council and known state-wide for his strong opposition to coal seam gas were levelled in a report on ABCs 7:30 program on August 2, which focussed on failures within the Greens to deal with four alleged incidents reported against several party members in NSW and the ACT.
While the ABC suppressed details of the actual alleged assault on Ms Buckland, it reported that Mr Buckingham grabbed her inappropriately and kissed her on the neck, after drinks at his inner-city home in 2011. The following morning, Mr Buckingham phoned Ms Buckland and allegedly threatened her employment. Video footage of the night, shot by Ms Buckland on her mobile phone, shows Mr Buckingham was heavily intoxicated. Mr Buckingham strongly denies the allegations.
Yesterday, shortly after details of the threats against Mr Raue were published, Albert Santos took to his Facebook page and Twitter account, to disclose details of the legal threats he also received from Mr Buckingham.
A statement on a thing that happened before I fl...
http://apo.org.au/system/files/196586/apo-nid196586-1025476.pdf National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth report: youth survey 2017 (Mission Australlia)
Key policy recommendations:
Experts are warning that Australia could be hit by a destructive tsunami at any time. As of right now, scientists are saying so far, weve been lucky. But that luck is bound to run out eventually.
According to The Daily Mail, experts have said it is only a matter of time before Australia is hit by a devastating tsunami. They also said the countrys coastal cities have been fortunate not to be struck by a series of destructive waves triggered by meteor impacts or seismic activity as of yet. Past tsunamis, the most recent in 1491, have crashed over 60 meter-high (almost 197 feet high) cliffs and sent seawater as far inland as the Blue Mountains, 50 kilometers (31 miles) west of Sydney.
Dale Dominey-Howes, co-director of the Australian Tsunami Research Centre at the University of New South Wales said tsunamis pose a very real threat to Australian cities. Such a disastrous and catastrophic event could hit without any warning too. If it occurred without warning on a Saturday afternoon in summer the impacts would be catastrophic, Dominey-Howes told the Australian Geographic. I suspect its only a matter of time before we are affected by something damaging.
Despite Australias coastline being monitored 24-hours-a-day every day for impending tsunamis, which are only recorded once every two years in Australia, scientists still think its time to brace those living in the coastal areas for the possibility that a tsunami could impact their lives. Although rare, tsunamis also pose a threat to swimmers as they can bring abnormal waves, tides and dangerous currents.
More recent earthquakes and tsunamis have proven particularly deadly, claiming nearly 750,000 lives over the past 20 years. That is more than other extreme weather events, according to a forthcoming report from the U.N. Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.
The very factors that make coastal cities appealing places to reside also amplify the dangers of a natural disaster. As more humans move to the...
Briefly: 1) For ABC Radio Nationals Background Briefing, Alex Mann has investigated how Australias alt-right movement is covertly influencing mainstream politics. See : Haircuts and hate: Inside the rise of Australias alt-right (October 14, 2018). 2) The White Rose Society Continue reading
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